Posted on May, 2022
Professor Balandin gave an opening talk and two lectures on the history and fundamentals of 1/f noise, and recent developments in the noise field, which included 1/f noise in graphene, low-dimensional materials, and noise in charge-density-wave quantum materials. The workshop on the “1/f Noise from Condensed Matter Physics to Quantum Technologies” was part of the International School of Nonequilibrium Phenomena organized by the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture (EMFCSC) in Erice, Sicily, Italy (April 2022). The History of EMFCSC states that “Every year since 1963, authors of new discoveries and inventions come to Erice; 102 of them were awarded the Nobel Prize after their participation in the EMFCSC activities and 49 were already Nobel laureates.” You can access Professor Balandin’s lectures at the links below.
Posted on May 28th, 2021
Zahra Barani, a graduate student research assistant and PhD student at the Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials Center (POEM) has received the 2022/2023 Dissertation Year Program (DYP) fellowship for the Summer 2022. Zahra’s dissertation focuses on the properties and applications of exotic quantum quasi-1D van der Waals materials in polymer-based composites for electromagnetic interference shielding management of electronics. The results of her research have been published in the prestigious journal of Advanced Materials (impact factor: 30.85) last year (link to the journal’s website.). Just recently, Zahra has also been recognized as an Outstanding Teaching Assistant (OTA) in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering for the 2021-2022 academic year. This distinction has been awarded based on her consistently superior teaching performance as recommended by the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.
Posted on December 12th, 2021
Dr. Fariborz Kargar delivered a talk on “Enhanced Light‐Matter Interactions in Shape‐Engineered Silicon Phononic – Photonic Superlattice Structures” and Doctoral Candidate Zahra Barani presented on “One‐Dimensional van der Waals Quantum Materials as Efficient Fillers for Multifunctional Composites – Applications in Electromagnetic Shielding” at the Workshop on Innovative Nanoscale Devices and Systems, which was help on Big Island, Hawaii, USA. The details of the research can be found in the presentation slides on the phononic superlattice structures and on one-dimensional quantum materials. Photo: DR. Fariborz Kargar presenting his talk at WINDS in Hawaii – Note proper social distancing in the audience.
Posted on July 7th, 2021
We are looking for two postdoctoral researchers to work with us on a new Vannevar Bush Faculty Fellowship (VBFF) project "One-Dimensional Quantum Materials". The project is interdisciplinary, with $3M single-PI DOD funding for 2021/26, and many opportunities to collaborate with the government labs. The VBFF project's topics are at the intersections of engineering, physics, material science, and chemistry, dealing with quasi-1D van der Waals materials and their composites. A qualified candidate should have an expertise in one (or several) areas: (1) cleanroom nanofabrication; (2) electron transport measurements; (3) advanced microscopy techniques; (4) nanoscale phonon transport; (5) polymers and composites. The start date is flexible, beginning from the summer 2021. To apply send an email to the PI Professor A.A. Balandin and copy to the lab manager Dr. F. Kargar.
Posted on May 14th, 2021
ECE Distinguished Professor Alexander Balandin has been awarded a 2021 Department of Defense (DoD) Vannevar Bush Faculty Fellowship. The five-year, highly competitive fellowship is the DoD’s most prestigious single-investigator award with up to $3 million in funding and “supports new, out-of-the-box ideas where research creativity intersects with the unknown.” Balandin was selected to conduct research in one-dimensional quantum materials. His project aims to create a new comprehensive research field of quantum materials consisting of individual atomic chains of van-der-Waals materials with one-dimensional motifs in crystal lattices, and composites comprised of a polymer matrix with such atomic chain fillers. The project’s focus is specifically on materials, which reveal strongly-correlated quantum phenomena and non-trivial topology. It is anticipated that one-dimensional quantum materials can be used in a variety of electronic devices with applications in low-power electronic circuits, quantum computers, small-size electromagnetic antennas for RF communications, as well as in energy conversion devices. The project plan envisions cooperation with the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), the Army Research Laboratory (ARL) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). As one of only eight Class of 2021 Fellows, Balandin will join a cadre of 57 current Fellows, who conduct basic research in areas of importance to DoD. In addition to their research projects, Fellows can engage with the DoD enterprise, defense laboratories, senior leaders, and the broader national security community. More information about the Vannevar Bush Faculty Fellowship and the past winners can be found HERE.
Posted on January 12th, 2021
Zahra Barani, a graduate student research assistant at the POEM Center presented at the NSF Workshop -- New Frontiers of Thermal Transport in the Thermal Management symposium. Zahra’s poster was entitled Graphene Enhanced Thermal Interface Materials: Percolation Threshold and Synergistic Effects. The discovery of unique heat conduction properties of graphene and few-layer graphene motivated research of curing and non-curing composites with graphene fillers for thermal management applications. The graphene fillers in the thermal management context are the mix of single-layer and few layer graphene flakes with micrometer-scale lateral dimensions, which can be mass-produces by a variety of liquid phase exfoliation or graphene oxide reduction techniques. The NSF presentation describes a recent progress in graphene enhanced thermal interface materials, focusing on the thermal percolation threshold and the synergistic effect of combining graphene fillers with nanometer-scale metallic particles. The issues of thermal contact resistance and reliability of graphene composite as well as benchmarking graphene composites against state-of-the-art commercial thermal interface materials are also discussed. The video of the presentation is available following the link .
Posted on January 12th, 2021
Professor Balandin gave an invited talk at the Materials Research Society (MRS) Fall 2020 Meeting in the virtual format. The invited talk entitled “Unique properties of quasi-one-dimensional and mixed dimensional van der Waals heterostructures” was delivered at the Symposium – Advanced Manufacturing of Mixed Dimensional Heterostructures. The talk is available on demand at MRS web- site. Two-dimensional (2D) materials, such as graphene and transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have revealed new physics and demonstrated potential for practical applications. In recent years, interest in layered van der Waals materials has expanded to quasi-one-dimensional (1D) structures. Unlike the layered TMD materials that yield 2D layers upon exfoliation, the transition metal trichalcogenides (TMTs) contain 1D motifs, i.e. atomic threads, that are weakly bound together by van der Waals forces. The TMT crystals can exfoliate into bundles of atomic threads. This invited talk reviews synthesis methods, properties and possible device applications of this unique family of quasi-1D TMT material systems. The presentation slides for this invited MRS talk are are available at the link .
Posted on December 15th, 2020
Professor Balandin’s invited talk at the Materials Research Society (MRS) meeting was selected for the live keynote presentation in the session “2D Atomic and Molecular Sheets—Electronic and Photonic Properties and Device Applications.” Professor Balandin delivered a talk entitled “Electronic Properties and Device Applications of Quasi 2D Charge Density Wave Materials.” The charge density wave (CDW) phase is a quantum state consisting of a periodic modulation of the electronic charge density accompanied by a periodic distortion of the atomic lattice in quasi-1D or quasi-2D metallic crystals. Several layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) exhibit unusually high transition temperatures to different CDW symmetry-reducing phases opening possibility for practical device applications. The talk presents the room-temperature voltage-controlled oscillators and logic circuits, which operate on the basis of the CDW transitions in 2D materials, triggered by the applied voltage. It is found that the 2D CDW devices reveal exceptional hardness against X-ray and proton radiations. The live keynote MRS presentation slides are available at the link .
Posted on October 13th, 2020
Distinguished professor Alexander A. Balandin is part of a new U.S. Department of Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) that aims to create a more resilient and sustainable electricity grid by using next-generation materials. The center is led by Arizona State University, and includes research teams at UC Riverside, Cornell University, Michigan State University, Sandia National Laboratories, Stanford University, and University of Bristol. The four-year, $12.4 million award from the DOE’s Office of Basic Energy Sciences, establishes an Energy Frontier Research Center headquartered at ASU called Ultra Materials for a Resilient, Smart Electricity Grid, or Ultra EFRC.
The center’s research focus is the electrical and thermal performance of wide-band gap semiconductors such as aluminum nitride, boron nitride and diamond. These materials have extraordinary electrical and thermal properties. In principle, these properties should allow electronic devices to operate at higher temperatures, voltages and frequencies. Professor Balandin co-leads the Ultra center’s thrust on Thermal Energy Transport and Interfaces.
The members of professor Balandin’s Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center will contribute to the Ultra EFRC’s research efforts by investigating acoustic phonons and thermal conduction in wide-band gap materials, heterostructures and high-power electronic devices. Acoustic phonons are the main heat carriers in wide-band gap semiconductors. Better understanding and control of acoustic phonon transport across interfaces are expected to help in improving the thermal management of devices operating at higher temperatures, voltages and frequencies.
Posted on October 4th, 2020
A fast increase in wireless communications, portable devices, and high-power transmission lines has made the environmental EM pollution a major concern for human health. The dense packing of the electronic components in the state-of-the-art 2D, 2.5D and 3D integrated systems and generation of high heat fluxes create an environment with elevated temperatures, which adversely affect the efficiency and stability of the EMI shielding.
In the recent work, a research team led by a distinguished professor Alexander A. Balandin and research professor Fariborz Kargar, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of California – Riverside (UCR), reported on the scalable synthesis of composites with graphene fillers, and testing their EMI shielding efficiency in the X-band (frequency range of 8.2 GHz – 12.4 GHz) and the extremely high frequency (EHF) band (frequency range of 220 GHz – 325 GHz). The examined frequency bands are pertinent to state-of-the-art and future communication systems.
Posted on August 29th, 2020
Tammy C.Y. Huang defended her PhD dissertation in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE). Tammy’s dissertation research was entitled “Phononic and photonic properties of shape-engineered silicon nanoscale pillar arrays.” During her PhD studies Tammy had an internship at the Army Research Laboratory (ARL), Adelphi, Maryland.
Jacob Lewis defended his PhD dissertation in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) on the topic “Thermal and electrical performance control and lifespan progression of graphene-based polymer composites.” Jacob’s PhD defense was the first one conducted remotely. During his PhD studies Jacob had an internship at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), Livermore, California.
Tammy and Jacob conducted their research in the UCR Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center under supervision of Professor Balandin and Professor Kargar.
Posted on July 27th, 2020
Alexander Balandin, distinguished professor of electrical and computer engineering, and Fariborz Kargar, adjunct assistant professor, both of the Marlan and Rosemary Bourns College of Engineering (BCOE), received Major Research Instrumentation (MRI) funding of $741,000 from the National Science Foundation to develop a unique spectroscopy facility at the University of California, Riverside’s (UCR) Phonon Optimized Engineering Materials (POEM) Center. The project, “MRI: Development of a Cryogenic Integrated Micro-Raman-Brillouin-Mandelstam Spectrometer,” aims to build an integrated micro-Raman-Brillouin-Mandelstam spectrometer system that can analyze samples at cryogenic, or very low, temperatures, and cover much wider spectrum range, unlike its predecessors. “The instrument’s capability of conducting measurements at low temperatures is particularly important for studying magnetic materials,” said Balandin. “The spectral range and design of the spectrometer allow for its use for samples of small dimensions and thicknesses.” According to Balandin, successful implementation of this BMS tool will incentivize Brillouin spectroscopy instrumentation at a national scale and elevate its techniques to the level enjoyed by its more common counterpart, Raman spectroscopy.
Posted on July 16th, 2020
ECE distinguished professor Alexander Balandin received $500K funding for investigating electric-bias control of phase transitions in a special type of quantum materials. The Department of Energy (DOE) project aims at understanding physical mechanisms and developing methods for electric-bias control of phase transitions in quasi-two-dimensional (2D) charge-density-wave (CDW) quantum materials. A strongly correlated CDW phase is a macroscopic quantum state consisting of a periodic modulation of the electronic charge density accompanied by a periodic distortion of the atomic lattice in a certain class of layered metallic crystals. Balandin group has previously demonstrated experimentally the first in the world CDW devices, which can operate at room temperature. It has also shown that CDW devices are radiation hard, and can be used for constructing electronic circuits without transistors. The electric-field induced CDW switching above can potentially be used in low-energy-dissipation information processing. It is expected that the new DOE project will enable transformative changes in materials for electronics, potentially leading to new technologies for operation in high-radiation environments, as well as in medical diagnostics and radiation treatments. The 2D CDW quantum materials are promising for developing quantum sensors, an essential component of future quantum communication and computing technologies. The project will be implemented with the assistance of Dr. Fariborz Kargar, adjunct assistant professor and project scientist, and other members of the Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center.
Posted on March 16th, 2020
Professor Balandin's invited talk entitled "Monitoring and Controlling Charge-Density-Waves in 2D Materials," which was supposed to be presented at the American Physical Society (APS) March Meeting, Denver, Colorado on Monday March 2nd, was, instead, presented at Riverside, California, USA, on the same day.
Posted on March 15th, 2020
Congratulations to Sahar Naghibi who defended her PhD dissertation in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) and accepted employment with the Keysight Technologies in Santa Clara, California. Sahar’s new job is research and development (R&D) relevant to her prior research experience at UCR. Sahar’s dissertation was entitled “Noncuring Graphene Thermal Interface Materials for Advanced Electronics”. Congratulations to Barath Kanna Mahadevan who defended his MS thesis in MSE and accepted employment with Intel Corporation in Hillsborough, Oregon. Barath’ MS thesis was entitled “Noncuring Thermal Interface Materials with Graphene Fillers for Thermal Management of Concentrated Photovoltaic Solar Cells.” Sahar and Barath conducted their research in the UCR Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center under supervision of Professor Balandin and Professor Kargar.
Posted on December 17th, 2019
The collaborative project between UC Riverside and Stanford explores a recently discovered class of more than 400 materials that form one-dimensional wires of bonded atoms surrounded by a tubular, two-dimensional van der Waals gap avoiding any unsaturated atoms at the wire surface. A combination of predictive computational techniques, chemical preparation, and physical characterization seeks to identify a spectrum of scientifically interesting and technologically relevant properties of these materials with a focus on electrical transport properties, mechanical response and stability, and phase transformations. Bulk crystals of graphite and other materials composed of 2-dimensional van der Waals (vdW) layers exhibit numerous important properties in the bulk that are preserved as the material is thinned to atomic thickness, e.g. the high electrical conductivity of graphene. This distinguishes them from native bulk materials, such as silicon, whose properties change dramatically as it is thinned below a few atomic layers. Unlike 2D layered materials, the 1-dimensional vdW materials of this project have received relatively little research attention, but are likely to exhibit many of the useful properties of their 2D counterparts. One hypothesis is that the presence of vdW gaps and the absence of dangling bonds and large single crystal domains inhibits carrier scattering at the surface of such materials and, thus, allows for electronic transport at a resistivity almost independent of wire cross section. Recent synthesis work by the project participants has revealed excellent transport properties of such materials that can rival copper when thinned to bundles of nanoscale cross sections.
Posted on November 22nd, 2019
Professor Balandin was named a Web of Science Highly Cited Researcher in the cross-field category. Highly Cited Researchers are among those who have demonstrated significant and broad influence reflected in their publication of multiple papers, highly cited by their peers over the course of the last decade. These highly cited papers rank in the top 1% by citations for a chosen field or fields and year in Web of Science. Of the world’s population of scientists and social scientists, the Web of Science Group’s Highly Cited Researchers are one in 1,000. The cross-disciplinary category includes papers in various research areas, including electrical engineering, materials science, physics, and chemistry.
Posted on August 26th, 2019
Alexander Balandin, a distinguished professor of electrical and computer engineering at UC Riverside and Ludwig Bartels, a professor of chemistry, have received a $1.12 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to conduct data-driven discovery, synthesis, and characterization of a unique new class of materials, referred to as one-dimensional van der Waals bonded solids. Balandin serves as a UCR Principal Investigator for this interdisciplinary project. The overall machine-learning and data-driven discovery project is led by Evan Reed, an associate professor of materials science at Stanford University, who has a separate budget from NSF for this research. The Stanford group provides computational data and insights for the experimental activities conducted at UC Riverside.
Two-dimensional van der Waals materials such as graphene exhibit numerous exotic properties, such as the extremely high thermal conductivity of graphene, discovered at UC Riverside. Unlike two- dimensional layered materials, the one-dimensional layered materials have received relatively little research attention, until today. However, they are likely to exhibit many of the useful properties of their two-dimensional counterparts and offer even more variety in electrical and thermal characteristics. The new NSF project will explore a recently discovered class of more than 400 materials that form one- dimensional van der Waals wires of bonded atoms surrounded by gaps, avoiding any unsaturated atoms at the wire perimeter. The nanofabrication required for investigation of bundles of one-dimensional van der Waals solids will be conducted in the UCR Nanofabrication Facility.
Photo: Ludwig Bartels (left) and Alexander Balandin (right) in the Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center at UC Riverside, 2019
Posted on July 23rd, 2019
Professor Balandin delivered plenary lecture entitled Low-Frequency Noise in Low -Dimensional van der Waals Materials at The International Conference on Noise and Fluctuations (ICNF) in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. ICNF is the most prestigious international conference in the field of noise in electronic materials and devices. This biennial event brings together researchers interested in theoretical and experimental aspects of fluctuations across a wide spectrum of scientific and technological fields.
Posted on July 23rd, 2019
Over the summer of 2019, three PhD graduates of Professor Balandin’s Nano-Device Laboratory and Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center accepted employment with Intel Corporation in Portland. Ece Aytan received her PhD in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) with the dissertation entitled “Spin-phonon coupling in antiferromagnetic NiO.” Ruben Salgado’s PhD in MSE dealt with “Electrical and thermal characterization of low-dimensional materials.” The topic of Adane Geremew’s dissertation research in Electrical Engineering is “Low-dimensional charge-density-wave materials and devices.” Photos show (from left to right) Ece Aytan, Ruben Salgado and Adane Geremew at POEM Center, UC Riverside.
Posted on June 10th, 2019
Alexander Balandin, a distinguished professor of electrical and computer engineering at UC Riverside, has received the Brillouin Medal from the International Phononics Society. The award was presented at the Phononics 2019: 5th International Conference on Phononic Metamaterials, Phonon Transport, and Topological Phononics in Tucson, Arizona, on June 6.
Phonons are quanta of crystal lattice vibrations in solid materials, which carry heat and scatter electrons. Phonons reveal themselves in all electrical, thermal, and optical phenomena in materials.
Heat removal became one of the main roadblocks for continuous downscaling of conventional electronic technologies. Most recent technological developments indicate that engineering of phonons will become the next big revolution to increase the integration density in computer chips, efficiency of energy conversion, and enable new materials’ functionalities.
The Brillouin Medal award recognizes Balandin’s discovery of unusual heat conduction properties of graphene. Graphene is an individual atomic plane of carbon atoms. Heat in graphene is transported away by acoustic phonons. The phonon thermal conductivity of graphene reveals unique features, different from conventional bulk crystals, owing to the two-dimensional nature of graphene’s crystal lattice. Balandin’s work paved the way for practical applications of graphene and few-layer graphene in thermal management technologies, including thermal interface materials, thermal composites, and thermal coatings. He is recognized as a pioneer of the graphene thermal research field.
Posted on April 11th, 2019
Electronic devices such as transistors are getting smaller and will soon hit the limits of conventional performance based on electrical currents. Devices based on magnonic currents—quasi-particles associated with waves of magnetization, or spin waves, in certain magnetic materials—would transform the industry, though scientists need to better understand how to control them. Engineers at the University of California, Riverside, have made an important step toward the development of practical magnonic devices by studying, for the first time, the level of noise associated with propagation of magnon current. Read More...
The links below provide access to a complete story about the magnonic devices and full-text of the Applied Physics Letters publication.
Posted on November 27th, 2018
The UCR researchers have now found that composites containing the “wonder material” graphene can block EM radiation while dissipating excess heat. “Surprisingly, we discovered that the graphene composites can block EM energy even below the so-called percolation threshold, and remain electrically insulating (which is an important property for a thermal interface material).” Electrical percolation is the term used to describe composites in which electrically conductive filler particles form a continuous network, allowing for electrical current to flow. Team members Fariborz Kargar and Zahra Barani of the UCR Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center, led by Balandin, prepared epoxy-resin composites containing a high loading fraction of few-layer graphene fillers (FLG). They processed the material in their lab to determine the optimum aspect ratio, lateral dimensions, and thickness of the fillers. For EM shielding applications, for example, fillers with high aspect ratios are best, and for thermal applications optimum lateral dimensions and thickness are required, says Balandin. Read More...
Posted on November 1st, 2018
The UCR team has recently determined that graphene composites reach a distinctive thermal percolation threshold at the loading fraction above 20 vol.%. Thermal percolation is a term used to describe formation of the continuous interconnecting network of fillers, allowing heat to travel mostly via these thermal conductive passes rather than through the matrix. The team established that graphene fillers outperformed boron nitride fillers (h-BN) – another highly thermally conductive material – in the thermal conductivity enhancement. The reported study clarified the debated mechanism of the thermal percolation, and it is expected to facilitate the development of the next generation of the efficient TIMs. "The unexpected finding of this study was that the thermal properties of composites with the high loading of graphene are strongly influenced not only by the in-plane thermal conductivity of few-layer graphene fillers but also by their cross-plane thermal conductivity," Balandin explains to Nanowerk. "In such composites, heat mostly travels via the thermally conductive pathways of few-later graphene. As a result, heat transfer from one graphene filler to another graphene filler – across the atomic planes and interfaces – becomes the bottleneck for thermal transport." Read More...
Posted on July 5th, 2018
A technology invented by the researchers at the Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center of the University of California, Riverside received the National Innovation Award at TechConnect’s annual convention in Anaheim. TechConnect is a global technology outreach organization dedicated to locating the world’s most promising intellectual property and startup companies across all industries and technology focus areas. The TechConnect World Innovation Conference and Expo connects top applied research and early stage innovations from universities, labs, and startups with industry end-users and prospectors. The TechConnect Innovation Awards, which took place in May, identify the top 15 percent of submitted technologies as ranked by the TechConnect Corporate & Investment Partner Committee, whose members come from many major corporations and venture capital firms. Read More...
Posted on May 24th, 2018
The vibrational motion of an atom in a crystal propagates to neighboring atoms, which leads to wavelike propagation of the vibrations throughout the crystal. The way in which these natural vibrations travel through the crystalline structure determine fundamental properties of the material. For example, these vibrations determine how well heat and electrons can traverse the material, and how the material interacts with light. Now, researchers have shown that by swapping out just a small fraction of a material's atoms with atoms of a different element, they can control the speed and frequencies of these vibrations. This demonstration, published in Applied Physics Letters, by AIP Publishing, provides a potentially simpler and cheaper way to tune a material's properties, allowing for a wide range of new and more efficient devices, such as in solid-state lighting and electronics. Read More...
Posted on May 2nd, 2018
Engineers at the University of California, Riverside, have demonstrated prototype devices made of an exotic material that can conduct a current density 50 times greater than conventional copper interconnect technology. Current density is the amount of electrical current per cross-sectional area at a given point. As transistors in integrated circuits become smaller and smaller, they need higher and higher current densities to perform at the desired level. Most conventional electrical conductors, such as copper, tend to break due to overheating or other factors at high current densities, presenting a barrier to creating increasingly small components. The electronics industry needs alternatives to silicon and copper that can sustain extremely high current densities at sizes of just a few nanometers. The advent of graphene resulted in a massive, worldwide effort directed at investigation of other two-dimensional, or 2D, layered materials that would meet the need for nanoscale electronic components that can sustain a high current density. Read More...
Posted on March 1st, 2018
NiO is a promising material for spintronic devices, where signals are transmitted not by electrical currents but rather by spin waves, consisting of propagating disturbances in the ordering of magnetic materials, in a domino-like fashion. The interdisciplinary team of researchers, led by Alexander Balandin, distinguished professor of electrical and computer engineering, used ultraviolet Raman spectroscopy to investigate how spin ordering affects the energies of phonons in these materials. Phonons are quanta of vibrations of ions, which constitute the crystal lattice of materials. Phonons can interact with electrons and their spins, leading to energy dissipation. Practical applications of spintronic devices in information processing require accurate knowledge of the strength of the electron spin interaction with phonons. Read More...
Posted on March 1st, 2018
Research, which led to the discovery of new polymorphs of niobium trisulfide, has been featured on the cover of APL Materials. The discovery was a result of cooperation of the researchers from the University of Georgia and University of California – Riverside in the framework of the 2DARE project funded by the National Science Foundation. APL Materials features original, experimental research on significant topical issues within the field of materials science.
Read the original paper
Link to the journal
Posted on December 18, 2017
Dr. Alexander A. Balandin, Distinguished Professor and University of California Presidential Chair Professor at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering received two new grants in the nanotechnology field. The one-year $150 K proof-of-concept project funded by the Defense Advance Research Project Agency (DARPA) is entitled “Phonon Engineered Materials for Fine-Tuning the Career Recombination.” This project deals with an application of the nanoscale phonon engineering concept, pioneered by Professor Balandin, to the development of the next generation of devices that enable advanced electro-optic detection, sensing and imaging. The main idea of the approach is tuning the acoustic phonon energy dispersion in nanostructured materials for achieving optimum electron – phonon scattering rates, and corresponding improvement in the device performance. Phonons are the quanta of the crystal lattice vibrations that scatter electrons and conduct heat in semiconductors. The second, three-year $264 K project, funded by the Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC), is entitled “Fabrication and Testing of Quasi-1D van der Waals Metal Interconnects”. The goal of this project is development of novel interconnects providing an ultimate atomic thickness limit of the cross-section. The technology will utilize quasi-one-dimensional (1D) van der Waals metals, which can be grown into individual single crystalline atomic threads with extraordinary current-carrying capability. Professor Balandin’s research group has already demonstrated the first quasi-1D crystalline nanowires with the current-densities exceeding copper by more than an order-of-magnitude. Professor Balandin will collaborate with Professor Ludwig Bartels, Department of Chemistry on implementation of this project. Read More...
Posted on August 25, 2017
Ece Aytan, Graduate Student Researcher and PhD student in Professor A.A. Balandin’ Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center received the Best Research Poster – Research Cooperation Award at the 3rd Annual SHINES EFRC Symposium conducted this month at the Hilton La Jolla Torrey Pines hotel in La Jolla, California. The Spins and Heat in Nanoscale Electronic Systems (SHINES) is an Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) funded with $12 million grant from the US Department of Energy. Ece Aytan was the first author of the poster entitled Spin – Phonon Coupling in NiO. Nickel Oxide (NiO) is a promising antiferromagnetic material for spintronic device applications. The five winning posters presented by graduate students have been selected by the members of the external Scientific Advisory Board and all participating co-PIs of the center. The research presented in Ece Aytan’s poster resulted from cooperation among research groups of Professors Alexander Balandin (ECE), Roger Lake (ECE) and Jing Shi (Physics and Astronomy). Other contributing co-authors included Graduate Student Researcher Bishwajit Debnath and Postdoctoral Researcher Fariborz Kargar, both from ECE Department. The SHINES Center combines co-PIs from seven institutions – UC Riverside (lead organization), UCLA, UC Irvine, Johns Hopkins University, Colorado State University, Arizona State University, and University of Texas at Austin. Prof. Jing Shi, Department of Physics and Astronomy, serves as the Center Director while Prof. Alexander Balandin, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, serves as an Associate Director. Read More...
by UCR Today
Posted on November 10, 2016
RIVERSIDE, Calif. (www.ucr.edu) — Controlling the flow of heat through semiconductor materials is an important challenge in developing smaller and faster computer chips, high-performance solar panels, and better lasers and biomedical devices. For the first time, an international team of scientists led by a researcher at the University of California, Riverside has modified the energy spectrum of acoustic phonons— elemental excitations, also referred to as quasi-particles, that spread heat through crystalline materials like a wave—by confining them to nanometer-scale semiconductor structures. The results have important implications in the thermal management of electronic devices. Led by Alexander Balandin, Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computing Engineering and UC Presidential Chair Professor in UCR’s Bourns College of Engineering, the research is described in a paper published Thursday, Nov. 10, in the journal Nature Communications. The paper is titled “Direct observation of confined acoustic phonon polarization branches in free-standing nanowires.” Read More...
Posted on August 27, 2016
ECE professors, postdoctoral researchers and graduate students participated in the Annual SHINES center Symposium. The SHINES Symposium was held on August 25 - 27, 2016 in UCR Barbara and Art Culver Center of the Arts in downtown Riverside. The symposium featured talks of the participating PIs and a poster session with the graduate student presentations. The symposium was attended by the SHINES Scientific Advisory Committee members from industry and government laboratories. The Spins and Heat in Nanoscale Electronic Systems (SHINES) is an Energy Frontier Research Center (EFRC) funded in 2014 with $12 million grant from the US Department of Energy. The SHINES Center aims to develop a fundamental understanding of electron spin and heat transport as well as the interplay between them in nanoscale electronic materials and devices. Fariborz Kargar, ECE PhD candidate in the Balandin Group, won one of the SHINES Best Poster awards for his research presentation on Brillouin – Mandelstam spectroscopy of acoustic phonons in semiconductor nanostructures. The SHINES Center consists of 14 PIs from 7 institutions – UC Riverside, UCLA, UC Irvine, Johns Hopkins University, Colorado State University, Arizona State University, and University of Texas at Austin – plus two UCR PIs with seed projects. Prof. Jing Shi, Department of Physics and Astronomy, serves as the Center Director while Prof. Alexander Balandin, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, serves as an Associate Director. Other PIs from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering include Prof. Roger Lake, Adjunct Prof. Alexander Khitun and Prof. Jianlin Liu. Read More...
Posted on July 5, 2016
Graphene has emerged as one of the most promising two-dimensional materials but the future of electronics may include two other nanomaterials, according to a new study in ECE Professor Balandin and ECE Professor Lake Groups at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering of the University of California – Riverside. In recent research published in the journal Nature Nanotechnology, the researchers described the integration of three very different two-dimensional (2D) materials to yield a simple, compact, and fast voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) device. A VCO is an electronic oscillator whose oscillation frequency is controlled by a voltage input. Titled “An Integrated Tantalum Sulfide—Boron Nitride—Graphene Oscillator: A Charge-Density-Wave Device Operating at Room Temperature,” the paper describes the development of the first useful device that exploits the potential of charge-density waves to modulate an electrical current through a 2D material. The new technology could become an ultralow power alternative to conventional silicon-based devices, which are used in thousands of applications from computers to clocks to radios. The thin, flexible nature of the device would make it ideal for use in wearable technologies. The first author of the paper Dr. Guanxiong Liu – Postdoctoral Researcher in the Balandin Group – fabricated the devices and conducted their testing. Bishwajit Debnath – PhD student in the Lake Group – performed modeling and simulation of the device operation. The research involved cooperation with Professor Tina Salguero from the University of Georgia who provided high-quality crystalline material for device fabrication.
Photo: UC Riverside’s Alexander Balandin (left) and Guanxiong Liu fabricated the voltage-controlled oscillator device in a cleanroom at the university’s Center for Nanoscale Science and Engineering (CNSE). Read More...
The links below provide access to a complete story about the 2D device and full-text of the Nature Nanotechnology publication.
by UCR ECE
Posted on May 5, 2016
Dr. Guanxiong Liu – Postdoctoral Researcher in the Nano-Device Laboratory (NDL) and the Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center led by Professor Alexander A. Balandin received the Best Poster Awards at the 2016 Materials Research Society (MRS) Spring meeting in Phoenix, Arizona. The MRS Symposium Chairs selected five winners out of more than 400 posters presented at the meeting. The posters span all symposium topics in materials science and nanotechnology research. The poster presented by Dr. Guanxiong Liu was entitled "In-Situ Raman Spectroscopy of the Charge-Density-Wave Phase Transitions in Tantalum Disulfide Thin Films". The presented research was conducted in collaboration with Professor Tina Salguero of the University of Georgia. The poster reported spectroscopic evidence of the room temperature charge-density-wave phase transition triggered by voltage in thin films of this material. Read More...
Photo: Dr. Guanxiong Liu with the winning poster.
by UCR ECE
Posted on May 5, 2016
The research conducted at the Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center led by ECE Professor Alexander A. Balandin was highlighted on the web-site of the U.S. Department of Energy. The Newsletter of the DOE Office of Science described recent results obtained by Balandin Group showing the acoustic phonon confinement effects in nanoporous arrays. Phonons are quanta of vibrations of solid materials. Understanding the changes in the acoustic phonon spectrum induced by spatial confinement is important for fine-tuning of the heat propagation in nanometer scale structures and electronic devices. Investigation of the acoustic phonons was made possible by developing the Brillouin-Mandelstam spectroscopy tool at the POEM Center. Fariborz Kargar – Research Assistant and PhD Candidate in Balandin group – was the first author of the paper published in the Applied Physics Letters. The research work was conducted in the framework of the Spins and Heat in Nanoscale Electronic Systems (SHINES) Center – DOE funded Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) at UC Riverside. Read More...
by UCR Today
Posted on January 29, 2016
Two ECE faculty members – Dr. Alexander Balandin, UC Presidential Chair Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Dr. Wei Ren, Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering – are among the five UC Riverside professors included in the Most Influential Scientists list published by the Thomson Reuters. The Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researchers list is published annually based on the number of citations in several categories. Read More...
by UCR Today
Posted on January 27, 2016
Dr. Alexander Balandin, UC Presidential Chair Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering is among the professors included in the Most Influential Scientists list published by the Thomson Reuters. The Thomson Reuters Highly Cited Researchers list is published annually based on the number of citations in several categories. Read More...
by UCR ECE
Posted on July 8, 2015
It was recently announced by the American Institute of Physics (AIP) that the paper co-authored by MSE graduate student Rameez Samnakay and ECE graduate student Chenglong Jiang is the most assessed paper in the Applied Physical Letters journal in 2015. The paper entitled “Selective chemical vapor sensing with few-layer MoS2 thin-film transistors: Comparison with graphene devices” was published in January 2015. Rameez and Chenglon – the first authors of the paper – are PhD candidates in Professor Balandin’s Nano-Device Laboratory (NDL) and Phonon Optimized Engineered Materials (POEM) Center. According to the AIP press-release the paper from Balandin group came on top of the list of 25 papers that were the most-accessed articles from Applied Physics Letters published from January to March 2015. The paper that attracted the most interest deals with nano-fabrication of transistors with two-dimensional materials and testing their gas and chemical vapor sensing capabilities. Applied Physics Letters is the premier journal in the field of applied physics and engineering. Read More...